The childhood home of Fred Hampton, an iconic Black Panther Party leader who was shot and killed in a 1969 police raid on his Chicago apartment, has been designated a historic landmark.
In a press release, organizers of the Save The Hampton House initiative, led by Hampton’s son and his mother, announced that the Maywood Village Board had voted to recognize the house as a historic landmark.
Tuesday night’s vote follows a year-long campaign tied to “Judas and the Black Messiah,” an Oscar-winning film about Hampton and his death.
This designation is part of a larger effort to see the Black Panther Party and the Black American liberation struggle represented alongside landmarks of the nonviolent civil rights movement. With this designation, organizers plan to turn the site into a place where Black Panther Party artwork can be displayed.
“The fight to save and maintain Hampton House is bigger than a building and more important than a structure,” Chairman Fred Hampton Jr. said in a statement included in the press release. “Among other purposes, it is a major aspect of preserving the extraordinary legacy of President Fred Hampton, the Black Panther Party and that of service to the people in general.”
Hampton was sleeping in a house on Chicago’s West Side in the early morning hours of December 4, 1969, when he and fellow Black Panthers leader Mark Clark were shot during what authorities told the time was the execution of a search. warrant to find weapons and explosives.
A federal grand jury determined that nearly 100 shots were fired through walls, doors and windows while only one shot appeared to have been fired by someone inside the residence.
The county’s chief prosecutor, an assistant and several officers at the scene were charged with obstruction of justice and later acquitted.
But after evidence surfaced that the FBI persuaded Chicago police and other law enforcement agencies in the United States to confront the Black Panthers, a federal judge approved a 1.85 settlement. million dollars to the families of Hampton and Clark and the survivors of the raid, to be paid by the city of Chicago, the county of Cook and the federal government.